There are so many systems now in this civilized world by which we can communicate with people. These communications systems include wireline and wireless telephone networks, broadcast and cable television, radio, Public Safety Land Mobile Radio, satellite systems, and more broadly, the Internet. And they differ by size, shape, proficiency, speed. This article is a complete guide about Ham radio emergency communications training.
- The Mobile Phones
A mobile phone is a sure communication device. With internet access, one could reach an audience of million subscribers over a topic. A phone allows updates from around the world and is fast and easy to use.
Almost everyone in this generation knows how to communicate with a mobile phone. And in an emergency, we may dial 911, call our family members to make sure they are safe, or connect to the internet for breaking news and important updates.
2. Walkie Talkies (Two way radios)
A two-way radio is a small, easy-to-use hand-held device that looks like a mobile phone but has a microphone and a speaker that stood right to each other. It has an antenna that bulges out right on its head. Its speaker is so much louder than a mobile phone’s. It is a handy wireless device.
They all have their usefulness and may at times differ. Nevertheless, this certain device outweighs others with considerable and noticeable features, and that is Ham radio.
3. HAM Radios
Amateur radio is an inexpensive, two-way radio that allows people to communicate even under unbearable circumstances. The term “amateur” is used to specify “an authorized person interested in radioelectric practice with a truly personal aim and not based on monetary interest. But that doesn’t limit communication to Amateurs only.
No, that would limit the lives of people that would be saved when disaster strikes. Because having one’s own communication system, that’s unencumbered from depending on infrastructure like telephone lines, cell towers, and broadcast radio and TV offers a huge sense of safety. But, ham radio has some qualifications that you must meet.
It has some languages you will have to decode before you can use it at its premium. However, you will need to go through the licensing process before you can operate a ham radio.
The Ham Radio Terms – HAM Radio Emergency Communications Training
Well, after getting a ham radio, going through the licensing process. The next thing is to sit back and enjoy the fruit of one’s labor. Test out in real life what it is to communicate with ham radio. But then, some strange words flew past your hearings. Words that sound like codes, in fact, are actually codes.
Codes that don’t seem to be easy to learn. Well, that’s how everything seems to look like until we eventually vent into them. These codes are terms that distinguish radio communication from just heart-to-heart chats. They are easy to decipher codes and terms that help to communicate faster. So below is a list of them and examples of their uses.
Common Two Way Radio Communication Codes And Phrases
Below is a list of common phrases from the ham radio language. They are words you’ll stumble on every time you decide to use your radio. They are easy to learn. However, it would be best to have them locked up in your head if you had incessant practice.
Affirmative: It is a word that suggests its meaning. It substitutes for ‘yes’ as a reply
“Radio bird do you copy?” “Affirmative”
Best 73: Actually, the number 73 in a radio conversation means ‘best wishes. So the addition of best to it makes it “Best, best wishes’.
Break: It always comes repetitively as “Break break’ It is an impolite way of interrupting a conversation. The best way an amateur or a good operator would interrupt a conversation is by inserting your call sign when there is a momentary break between transmissions. (A break that all good operators leave)
Breaker: It’s an interjection used on the ‘CB’ to court attention, either to a particular CB user or any operator who would care to listen.
“Breaker, breaker, this is Hammer, is anyone out there?”
Code Blue: Code blue is a term that is used for a non-crucial situation
Code Yello: Code yello is used for inquiring immediate attention but without danger.
Code Red: Code red is used for a serious incident that requires immediate attention
Copy That: Understood.
CB: An abbreviation, standing for ‘Citizens’ Band.’ It is a range of short-distance radio frequencies that the general public can use to send and receive messages.
Device: If someone asks you, “Are you making it into the device?” it literally means, “Do you have a decent signal through the repeater?”. So, it is an example of a lengthening word.
Emergency: It is a distress call. You use it when there is a disaster or impending danger. It means immediate assistance is necessary.
Go: It is a short form of go ahead. Not always used on the CB.
Go Ahead: It is used to imply that you are ready for the message.
Handle: A word, meaning name preferred by Amateurs rather than ‘personal’. It is used instead of a name.
“What’s your handle?” “John doe, over”
It: It, under radio means what it has always meant in English. It.
I Spell: After this, what comes next is the next word will being spelt out using the phonetic alphabet.
Lengthening Words: lengthening words are words that are unnecessarily pronounced fully. It is common when using the Phonetic Alphabet, like saying ‘Kilowatt Cargo’ instead of kilo cargo. See phonetic Alphabet.
Negative: Negative is like the Affirmative, a lengthening word. It is used instead of no.
Over: Your message is finished; invitation for others to respond/transmit.
Over That: Message received and understood; Another phrase for Ten-Four or Copy That.
Out: All conversation is over; thus, no answer is required or expected.
Put-it-down: It’s a sign-off word. Just like saying “put it (the microphone) down”
Radio Check: A question you ask if you would like to know if you are getting out but are uninterested in holding a full conversation with those on the frequency. And you get a response of ‘you’re working.’ It is commonly used on CB. Use on the amateur bands identifies the questioner as either a pirate or someone who hasn’t listened much before talking.
Read You Loud & Clear: Your transmission signal is good.
Roger: Message received and understood, but also used to mean yes or affirmative.
Roger Question: A roger question is asked in expected of roger, affirmative or negative as an answer. So a roger is added to the end of the question.
“Your handle’s John roger?” “Roger”
See you: In radio language, when you speak to someone, you `see’ them. So, saying see you as a sign off message shouldn’t be an offense.
Sign off words: Words that mean ceasing transmission or saying goodbye.
Wilco: I will comply.
Wait Out: My waiting period is longer than expected; will call you as soon as possible.
73: Best of wishes
10-4: Message received and understood.
The Two Way Radio Phonetic Alphabets
Another communication code over the radio is the Phonetic Alphabet. Or the Alpha Bravo alphabet. It is used to minimize spelling errors. Mostly for similar-sounding letters like the ‘b’ and ‘d’.
The Morse Code: What is the Morse Code Used For
The International Morse Code ciphers the 26 English letters A through Z, some non-English letters, the Arabic numerals, and a small set of punctuation and prosigns (procedural signals) as sequences of two different signal durations called dots and dashes or dits and dahs.
The dot duration is the basic unit of time measurement in Morse code transmission. The duration of a dash is three multiple the duration of a dot. Each dot or dash within a character is preceded by signal absence, called a space. A space is equal to the dot duration.
For someone with hearing or speech disabilities, this is the most reliable way to communicate. Instead of a scream of mayday, tapping on an object, a table, or just clapping your hands over the radio is surely going to save you.
It could also be improvised by turning on and off a light momentarily. In this case, the dash and dot can be replaced with an on and off turning off the light. And for sound, the dot and dash could be replaced with low-pitched and high-pitched sounds.
Other common abbreviations are:
CQ is always interpreted “seek you” (I’d like to converse with anyone who can hear my signal).
OM (old man),
YL (young lady)
XYL (“ex-YL” – wife)
YL or OM is used by an operator when referring to the other operator,
XYL or OM is used by an operator when referring to his or her spouse.
YF the wife of an operator
QTH is “location” (“Your QTH” is “Your location”)
Final Thoughts – Ham Radio emergency communication training
Now that you have all the ham radio emergency communications training and codes at hand, you have become a ProTalkier just like me. I strongly advise that you go through the proper Ham radio licensing program and take a free amateur radio test.